What is Infertility?
Infertility can be caused by either female factors, male factors or a combination of both.
Infertility in Women
Female infertility can result from age, physical problems, hormone problems, and lifestyle or environmental factors.
Learn more about fertility testing and diagnosis.
Infertility in Men
A number of issues can cause male infertility, including the following:
- Low sperm production
- Abnormal sperm function
- Blockages or obstructions that prevent the delivery of sperm to the ejaculate
These can be caused by illnesses, chronic health issues injuries or lifestyle factors.
When to See a Fertility Specialist
If women have any concerns about their menstrual cycle, severe cramps, breakthrough bleeding, heavy bleeding, acne or abnormal hair growth, addressing these issues with a physician as soon as possible can help identify and address any issues or conditions that could impact your fertility.
In addition, you should see a fertility specialist in the following two situations:
- If you are under age 35, have normal periods and have unsuccessfully tried for 12 months to get pregnant
- If you are 35 or older and have tried unsuccessfully to conceive for 6 months or have experienced a miscarriage